Diagnosed cases of chronic heart failure are expected to number 32 million by 2028, according to a report from analytics company GlobalData.
That’s a 40% increase from 2018, the report read, at which point researchers logged 26.8 million chronic HF diagnoses across the world’s eight major markets (8MM), including the U.S., U.K., France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Japan and China. Epidemiologist Arunkumar N.V., MPH, and colleagues at GlobalData said the probable jump will likely be the result of improved HF screening, detection and therapies.
“The substantial increase in comorbidities such as coronary artery disease (CAD) and hypertension may be driving the number of diagnosed prevalent cases to rise in the elderly,” Arunkumar N.V. said in a release. “It is observed that HF with preserved ejection fraction is one of the most common cardiac complications of long-standing hypertension. In 2018, the 8MM saw more than half of chronic HF patients experience CAD or hypertension as a major comorbid condition.”
The company’s report stated that cases of chronic HF are projected to increase at an annual growth rate of 2.02% through 2028. In 2018 China had the most cases of chronic HF—12.8 million cases in total, or 47.7% of cases in the 8MM—and the U.K. had the lowest, at 5.5 million.
GlobalData said increasing trends in HF diagnosis will be driven by increasing life expectancies and earlier detection of the disease. Still, the company noted there are “major unmet needs” in chronic HF patients, who suffer from a lack of adherence to treatment guidelines and multiple comorbidities.
“The improvement of screening techniques and diagnostic approaches over the years has led to better diagnoses, as reflected in the increased burden of chronic HF,” Arunkumnar N.V. said. “Effective strategies to prevent lifestyle diseases such as hypertension and diabetes mellitus during early adulthood may help prevent the occurrence of chronic HF in the elderly.”