Acute Coronary Syndrome

Cancer is overtaking heart disease as the leading cause of death in the U.S., particularly in high-income counties, suggests a new analysis published in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

The Door-to-Unload pilot study concluded without any “prohibitive safety signals,” researchers reported at the American Heart Association 2018 Scientific Sessions, clearing the path for a larger trial to test the hypothesis that ventricular unloading prior to PCI with the Impella CP heart pump can reduce reperfusion injury.

VITAL and REDUCE-IT—both highly anticipated trials revolving around the cardiovascular benefits of fish oil products—delivered mixed results at this year’s AHA Scientific Sessions in Chicago, with one trial observing few heart benefits from omega-3s while the other saw a 25 percent reduction in major cardiovascular events with a purified eicosapentaenoic acid product.

Cocaine, amphetamines and cannabis could raise adolescents’ risk for acute myocardial infarction (AMI), in some cases increasing a teen’s odds for MI by up to seven times, according to research out of Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine in China.

Critical shortages of imaging equipment and qualified radiologists left an estimated 56,000 angina patients without access to potentially lifesaving computed tomography (CT) scans last year, the Royal College of Radiologists and British Society of Cardiovascular Imaging announced Nov. 8.

Poor health literacy could mean an increased risk of death for patients hospitalized with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF), according to a study published in Mayo Clinic Proceedings Nov. 7.

A new study in JAMA Cardiology showed patients’ risk perceptions and willingness to accept therapy are influenced by the type of estimate they’re presented with and how that information is organized.

The FDA has approved canagliflozin (Invokana) to reduce the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) including stroke, heart attack and cardiac death in patients with type 2 diabetes and established cardiovascular disease. It is the first oral diabetes medication to gain this indication, according to drug manufacturer Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies.

Though it’s been linked tenuously in the past to psychological stressors and genetics, the majority of cases of spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) can’t be traced back to a concomitant arteriopathy, inflammatory disorder or evident risk factor, according to research published in the American Journal of Cardiology Oct. 29.

Patients with normal arteries upon coronary CT angiography (CTA) experienced either death or myocardial infarction at a rate of 0.04 percent per year, according to a study with 10 years of follow-up published in JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging.

The majority of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients in the Midwest live within an hour of their nearest percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)-capable hospital and are able to undergo primary PCI within two hours of an MI, researchers reported in the American Journal of Cardiology.

Colder temperatures, stronger winds and fewer hours of sunlight could all raise a person’s risk of myocardial infarction, researchers reported in JAMA Cardiology.