Acute Coronary Syndrome

Originally thought to be a benign condition, Takotsubo syndrome is associated with long-term outcomes similar to acute coronary syndrome (ACS), researchers reported in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. And in cases where Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is triggered by physical events, prognosis is even worse.
A machine learning algorithm derived from thoracic phase signals can identify obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) with the same accuracy as existing functional tests, according to a study published Aug. 8 in PLOS One. The signals can be collected in about three minutes and don’t require the patient to exercise or be exposed to radiation, contrast media or pharmacological stress.
Harvard scientist Sekar Kathiresan, MD, believes polygenic risk score could help identify people at high risk for heart attack. Kathiresan, director of the Cardiovascular Disease Initiative at the Broad Institute and a professor at Harvard Medical School, said polygenic risk scores, based on genetic testing, will be as commonly known as cholesterol levels. 
Estrogen may protect against heart failure (HF)-related depression by preventing the creation of inflammation-causing chemicals in the brain, according to research published in the American Journal of Physiology.
Developing type 1 diabetes before the age of 10 shortens the lifespans of women by almost 18 years and of men by about 14 years, according to a Swedish registry study published in The Lancet.
Women are more likely to survive a heart attack if their emergency room physician is also a woman, according to research published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).
Shorter reperfusion times for patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) are associated with fewer cases of in-hospital heart failure and fewer readmissions for heart failure over the next 30 days, according to an observational study from Singapore published in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.
Researchers from the Cleveland Clinic have developed what could become a new class of cardiovascular drugs—one that lowers platelet responsiveness and excessive clot formation by targeting a specific bacteria byproduct in the gut.
Instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR) and fractional flow reserve (FFR) were equally safe in deferring patients from coronary revascularization, according to a pooled analysis of two randomized trials published Aug. 6 in JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions.
New research published in the Journal of the American Heart Association suggests light and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, coupled with less sedentary time, is associated with more favorable levels of heart and vessel disease markers in older individuals.
Most people who suffer a heart attack maintain elevated levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) several years later, which can only partially be explained by traditional cardiovascular risk factors, researchers reported in the American Heart Journal.
Cardiologists in the U.K. note young investment bankers in their 20s and 30s are being admitted to the hospital more frequently with heart-related conditions, despite employers implementing measures to reduce workload and stress. One cardiologist told Business Insider he has seen a 10 percent increase in heart attacks among bankers under 30.
A hospital protocol incorporating high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) enabled a quicker rule-out of heart attack than a conventional troponin test, according to a research letter published online Aug. 6 in Circulation.
That estimate alone should be enough to drive the goal of routine genomic screening in healthcare forward, a researcher wrote in the Annals of Internal Medicine, but hurdles remain with implementing that plan into clinical care.
Researchers have developed an online tool to more accurately calculate which middle-aged individuals are at the highest risk of heart attack or stroke during the next 10 years.
Siemens Healthineers received FDA approval of its High-Sensitivity Troponin I assays (TnIH)1 for the Atellica IM and ADVIA Centaur XP/XPT in vitro diagnostic analyzers. The new troponin assays will allow physicians to correctly diagnose patients for acute myocardial infarction (MI).
Acute Coronary Syndrome
Depressive patients who took escitalopram after acute coronary syndrome (ACS)-related events had lower reoccurrences of major adverse cardiac events after eight years of follow-up, a group of Korean researchers reported in the Journal of the American Heart Association.
Acute Coronary Syndrome
Australian women with the deadliest type of heart attack, ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), are less likely to receive invasive treatment, revascularization or preventive medication at discharge, researchers reported in the Medical Journal of Australia.
Acute Coronary Syndrome
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) during pregnancy increased by 25 percent over a 12-year period, researchers reported in the Mayo Clinic Proceedings.
Acute Coronary Syndrome
Individuals with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are twice as likely to develop cardiovascular disease, according to a global analysis published on July 18 in the American Heart Association’s journal Circulation.
Healthcare Economics & Policy, Acute Coronary Syndrome
Marijuana use before an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) lowers the odds of in-hospital mortality by 21 percent, according to multicenter analysis of more than 1.2 million patients published in PLOS One.
Acute Coronary Syndrome