Conferences

When approached again, about a quarter of patients with atrial fibrillation (AFib) not taking anticoagulants due to physician-cited “patient refusal” said they would consider taking the drugs, according to preliminary research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions in Chicago.

The American Heart Association and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) released the second set of federally recommended physical activity guidelines Nov. 12—the first update in a decade and one that heavily emphasizes the physical, mental and medical benefits of exercise.

Among patients with restored ventricular function who were taken off their heart failure medications, 44 percent relapsed within eight weeks. Researchers said the trial indicates most of these patients should remain on their treatments indefinitely.

Sacubitril-valsartan therapy was associated with greater reductions in N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) than enalapril among patients hospitalized with acute decompensated heart failure, according to research presented Nov. 11 at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions and published online simultaneously in the New England Journal of Medicine.

VITAL and REDUCE-IT—both highly anticipated trials revolving around the cardiovascular benefits of fish oil products—delivered mixed results at this year’s AHA Scientific Sessions in Chicago, with one trial observing few heart benefits from omega-3s while the other saw a 25 percent reduction in major cardiovascular events with a purified eicosapentaenoic acid product.

New cholesterol guidelines from the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology recommend adding ezetimibe and/or PCSK9 inhibitors to statin therapy for select high-risk patients, and also propose using coronary artery calcium (CAC) scoring as “a tiebreaker” to guide statin decisions for those at intermediate risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.

It’s not just what people eat—but when—that may influence their risk of developing prediabetes and high blood pressure, according to preliminary research scheduled to be presented Nov. 10 at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions in Chicago.

Climbing rates of violent crime could trigger blood pressure (BP) spikes within nearby communities—particularly among individuals living in what are considered “safe” neighborhoods—according to a study of 50,000 adults living in Chicago.

Mandatory CPR training in high school may contribute to higher rates of bystander intervention and improved survival following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), according to a registry study slated to be presented Nov. 11 at the American Heart Association’s Resuscitation Science Symposium in Chicago.

A 13-year study of type 2 diabetes patients has found metformin, one of the world’s highest-grossing anti-diabetic medications, could be protective against age-related macular degeneration, a leading cause of blindness in Americans older than 50.

With the American Heart Association’s 2018 Scientific Sessions set for Nov. 10-12 in Chicago, two co-chairs of the programming committee previewed the themes of the meeting, its most anticipated clinical trials and the two new guidelines that will be unveiled.

Evolocumab appears to be equally effective at reducing LDL cholesterol and preventing cardiovascular events regardless of a patient’s kidney function, according to a new subanalysis of the FOURIER outcomes study presented at the American Society of Nephrology’s annual Kidney Week in San Diego.