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Vascular & Endovascular

 

Heart patients could be at an increased risk for peripheral artery disease and hypertension if they live near a busy road, Duke University researchers reported in the American Heart Association journal Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology this week.

Elevated levels of UACR in type 2 diabetes patients at high cardiovascular risk are linked to increased risks for all-cause death and adverse cardiovascular outcomes, researchers reported this week in JAMA Cardiology.

Striding down a polluted street is no walk in the park when it comes to the benefits of light exercise, new research suggests.

More than one in six patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) who undergo revascularization procedures to restore blood flow to blocked arteries are readmitted to the hospital within 30 days, according to research published Dec. 5 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

A new study published in JAMA Neurology suggests clinicians have opted to perform carotid artery stenting (CAS) more often since the CREST trial has been published, even in patient populations for which the trial demonstrated the benefit of carotid endarterectomy (CEA).

 

Recent Headlines

New tool calculates cardiovascular risk in 5 painless steps

A simple, inexpensive tool could predict healthy individuals’ future risk of cardiovascular disease through just five painless calculations, Mount Sinai Health System reported today in a novel study. The paper was simultaneously published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Stroke predictor ICAD more prevalent in blacks than whites

Black men are most likely to suffer from intracranial atherosclerotic disease (ICAD), an important contributor to stroke, while midlife risk factors for the illness vary between blacks and whites, according to a new study published in JAMA Cardiology.

Peer-led interventions, "quit kits" prove successful quitting tools for young smokers

Five-minute interventions, “quit kits” and information delivered by peers all proved to be successful strategies for getting through to young smokers, research out of the University of California-Davis reports.

Efficacy of FPA in swine models could open the door for more accurate CAD testing in humans

A new lab technique could cut testing time and improve the accuracy of coronary artery disease (CAD) diagnoses, new research published in Radiology states.

Decreasing popularity of e-cigarettes could 'open the floodgates' for smoking alternative heat-not-burn tobacco

A smoking trend that’s taken over Japan could soon be making its debut in the American market, possibly eclipsing the infamous e-cigarette as a more authentic alternative to traditional tobacco products.

Hospitals frequently fail to perform follow-up imaging after vascular surgery

Nearly half of patients failed to receive follow-up imaging within a year of vascular surgery, even if their hospitals participated in a national quality improvement registry, according to an analysis of Medicare beneficiaries.

Lifesaving treatment administered to only 10% of eligible stroke patients

Two decades after being approved by the FDA for treatment of acute ischemic stroke, clot-dissolving medication intravenous alteplase is administered to just 10 percent of patients, researchers from Georgia State recently reported in the American Journal of Emergency Medicine.

Risk factors among stroke patients on the rise

Physicians are aware of stroke risk factors at this point, but something is getting lost in translation.

Coronary artery calcium progression associated with CVD events

Baseline coronary artery calcium (CAC) levels are widely used as surrogate measures for atherosclerotic plaque burden in heart patients and have been proven to predict future cardiovascular events, but researchers who recently studied CAC progression in asymptomatic patients found progression was independently associated with experiencing a composite cardiovascular disease (CVD) event.

Study finds link between low numbers of progenitor cells, CVD in older women

Women have lower numbers of circulating progenitor cells, a study published in the Journal of the American Heart Association reported, possibly explaining the rise in adverse cardiovascular events in women after they reach menopause and start to age.

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