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Structural & Congenital Heart Disease

 

Patients who received a mechanical prosthesis for surgical replacement of aortic or mitral valves derived a significant long-term survival benefit versus those who received a biologic prosthesis, according to a study in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Nearly half of all valve hospitals in the U.S. are misclassified as either low- or high-performing, according to research published in JAMA Cardiology—but that problem might have a simple fix.

DENVER — Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is an “economically dominant” strategy compared to surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) for patients with aortic stenosis at intermediate surgical risk, according to data presented by David J. Cohen, MD, MSc, Oct. 31 at the Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) scientific symposium.

Research examining 278 patients with in-stent restenosis (ISR) found that drug-eluting balloon (DEB) was non-inferior in comparison with drug-eluting stent (DES) in terms of six-month minimal lumen diameter (MLD).

DENVER — Measuring frailty could lead to more accurate predictions of outcomes following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) than a validated risk algorithm, according to research presented Oct. 30 at the annual Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) scientific symposium.

 

Recent Headlines

Linking high volume to better outcomes in TAVR

If you want something done well, ask a busy person. That was one of my dad’s adages over the years. The same is true in healthcare, as many studies have found that volume—busy-ness—and quality in medicine go hand in hand.

High-functioning TAVR hospitals experience fewer readmissions

Increasing productivity among cardiologists performing transcatheter aortic valve replacements (TAVR) could help lower readmissions, according to a new study that found a correlation between high-volume TAVR hospitals and lower 30-day readmission rates.

Narrative journaling could boost cardiac health after divorce

Stress from a divorce could harm heart health, but a new study from researchers at the University of Arizona has found that narrative journaling could help boost the cardiovascular system.

Athletic training by children improves right ventricle efficiency

Children’s sports have continued to become more competitive in recent decades, with athletes taking on more intense training at earlier ages. A research team from Italy examined the impact of endurance on cardiac remodeling, specifically in the heart’s right ventricle (RV).

Researchers ID enzyme related to smoking, heart disease

Smoking is known to increase the risk of heart disease, but certain patients carrying a particular gene may be at an even higher risk, according to a new study from Columbia University in New York.

Enzyme elimination method in mice improves healing after heart attack

A team of researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) has found a way to improve healing and reduce inflammation after a heart attack using mouse models.

Mortality risk associated with infective endocarditis decreases in New York, California

From 1998 through 2013, the standardized incidence of infective endocarditis in New York and California remained stable between 7.6 and 7.8 cases per 100,000 persons each year, according to a retrospective database analysis. During that same period, the adjusted mortality risk related to infective endocarditis decreased 2 percent per year.

AATS provides updated guidelines for managing ischemic mitral regurgitation

The American Association for Thoracic Surgery (AATS) released updated evidence-based guidelines for managing ischemic mitral regurgitation.

Research finds azithromycin not linked to arrhythmias

Azithromycin, an antibiotic commonly used to treat bacterial infections has been associated with disrupting the heart’s normal rhythm, but a new study has debunked that theory, showing that the drug doesn’t cause ventricular arrhythmias.

Multidisciplinary, team approach benefits TAVR patients

A recent survey from the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) found that 77.5 percent of cardiac surgeons were involved in TAVR procedures as part of multidisciplinary heart teams.

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