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Structural & Congenital Heart Disease


A recent article in Cardiovascular Business summarized the lack of quality research on surgeries for children with congenital heart disease.

New-generation devices have made transcatheter aortic valve replacements (TAVRs) easier to perform in patients with pure native aortic regurgitation (AR), suggests a study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Infant deaths from critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) declined by 33.4 percent in eight states that mandated pulse oximetry screening for newborns, according to a study published online Dec. 5 in JAMA.

Multidetector computed tomography (CT) could play a pivotal role in improving the outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) procedures, research presented at the 103rd annual RSNA symposium suggests.

The mortality risk associated with moderate to severe PVR was consistent with previous studies, wrote lead author Phillippe Pibarot, DVM, PhD, and colleagues, but the rate of moderate or worse PVR dropped threefold when compared to previous SAPIEN valves.


Recent Headlines

JACC publishes appropriate use criteria for treating severe aortic stenosis

Published online Oct. 17 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, the guidelines offer recommendations on when to use transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) or neither—and when either technique may be appropriate.

TAVR carries low dialysis risk for most kidney patients

Relatively few patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) require dialysis after undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), according to a new study.

Fever during pregnancy linked to heart defects, facial deformities in baby

A new study published in the journal Science Signaling suggests fever during pregnancy is directly related to the development of heart defects and facial complications like cleft lip and palate, a phenomenon that might be managed with something as simple as Tylenol.

Growth-accommodating implant could change the field of pediatric surgery for the better

A medical implant that can expand internally to accommodate a child’s growth could be revolutionizing the field of pediatric surgery, according to a Massachusetts-based research team.

Newborns with congenital heart disease at increased risk for neurodevelopmental disabilities

Infants born with congenital heart disease (CHD) could be at increased risk for neurodevelopmental disabilities even before undergoing initial open-heart surgery, a new study published in NeuroImage: Clinical states.

Long-term survival rates after Ross procedure positive 25 years later

Adults who underwent the Ross procedure saw overwhelmingly “excellent” long-term outcomes 25 years later, according to a study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Percutaneous mitral valve repair safe, effective in frail patients

Patients classified as frail who undergo percutaneous mitral valve repair (PMVR) demonstrate greater short-term improvement in quality of life than their nonfrail counterparts and similar improvements in six-minute walking distance and functional status, a new study found.

Study finds hope in penicillin treatment for children with latent rheumatic heart disease

Penicillin prophylaxis could have a positive, regressive effect on young patients diagnosed with latent rheumatic heart disease (RHD), one study of Ugandan children has found.

Research finds longitudinal durability of TAVR is 'excellent'

Longitudinal durability of transcatheter aortic valve replacements (TAVR) is “excellent,” according to a recent study published in JAMA Cardiology, and is similar to surgical bioprostheses used to treat severe aortic stenosis.

Cardiac patients supported by ECMO as infants report good health, but lower quality of life years later

Adults who struggled with heart disease as infants and had to be supported by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation reported positive health outcomes but lower quality of life 18 years later, according to a study published in Pediatric Critical Care Medicine.