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Lipids & Metabolic

 

Black men and women who smoke more than one pack of cigarettes a day could be as much as 79 percent more likely to develop diabetes mellitus than those who have never smoked, according to a study published this month in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Exposure to a Western diet high in refined sugars, salt and saturated fat can have a permanent impact on the body’s immune system even if the diet is later changed, new research published in Cell suggests.

A generation of unfit Army recruits could be posing threats to not just their own health but the country’s national security, researchers reported in the Journal of Public Health Management and Practice this week.

Severely obese teens who underwent bariatric surgery saw vast improvements in cardiovascular risk factors in the latest installment of the Teen-LABS study, researchers reported this week in Pediatrics.

A developing anti-obesity drug out of the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston has been proven to shrink fat cells and reduce blood cholesterol levels without suppressing appetite, a study published in Biochemical Pharmacology reports.

 

Recent Headlines

Intermittent fasting shows promise as therapy for diabetes, metabolic diseases

Intermittent fasting could not only lower body weight and convert unhealthy fats into energy-burning ones, it could also be preventative for patients struggling with diabetes or metabolic disorders, a new study published in Cell Research reports.

Pregnant women who struggle to get enough sleep more prone to gestational diabetes

Pregnant women who struggle to get seven or more hours of sleep per night could be more prone to gestational diabetes and are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes post-birth, a new study published in Sleep Medicine Reviews reports.

Diabetic patients could benefit from cardiac rehab—but doctors aren't referring them

Diabetic patients who have undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) could see a significant reduction in risk of mortality if they participate in cardiac rehabilitation programs, Randal J. Thomas, MD, and colleagues wrote in a study published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Cholesterol byproduct encourages spread of breast cancer, metastasis

A diet high in cholesterol could be increasing the risk of metastasis in breast cancer patients, researchers at the University of Illinois recently reported in the journal Nature Communications.

Marital ebbs, flows tied to changes in heart health

In a study of 620 married fathers in the United Kingdom, those who reported improving marital relationships over a six-year span dropped an average of 10 pounds. They also showed slightly lower LDL cholesterol levels and improvements in blood pressure readings.

Scientists discover new form of diabetes caused by gene mutation

A new type of monogenic diabetes, caused by a gene mutation and fueled by a lack of the insulin-stimulating hormone GIP, has been discovered by a team of researchers across Europe and Asia.

Study suggests more dairy consumption could lower risk of prediabetes, diabetes

Consuming dairy products—cheese in particular—could actually help reduce the risk of diabetes in the American population, according to a study published in the Journal of Nutrition.

Mouse study suggests linoleic acid is more closely tied to obesity than saturated fat

A new study comparing vegetable oils suggests an essential fatty acid has a stronger tie to weight gain than saturated fat intake.

Gastric bypass surgery successful for long-term weight loss, remission of type 2 diabetes in the severely obese

Severely obese patients who underwent gastric bypass surgery showed favorable outcomes more than a decade later, including weight loss and remission of type 2 diabetes, a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine states.

U.S. diabetics can avoid finger pricks with newly approved device

The FDA has approved Abbott’s FreeStyle Libre Flash Glucose Monitoring System, the first personal continuous glucose monitor that doesn’t require finger stick calibration.

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