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Lipids & Metabolic

 

A majority of patients who undergo bariatric surgery for the first time maintain significant weight loss through seven years of follow-up, according to a study published Dec. 6 in JAMA Surgery.

Commonly prescribed analgesic drugs, including opiates and certain antidepressants, could be doing more harm than good, according to a study published in PLOS One this week. Not only can these addictive pain medications cause sedation, disordered breathing and accidental overdoses, but they reflect poorly on a patient’s cardiometabolic profile and increase risks of developing obesity and hypertension.

Higher body mass index (BMI) in middle age could be a warning sign of dementia decades down the road, scientists reported this week, but weight loss leading up to a formal diagnosis could mask symptoms and confound patients.

More than half of U.S. children will be obese at age 35, according to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

The FDA has approved Amgen’s evolocumab (Repatha) for the prevention of strokes, heart attacks and coronary revascularizations—the first PCSK9 inhibitor to gain approval for such a broad number of indications.

 

Recent Headlines

‘Nothing ever follows through’: Antimalarial drug disappoints in treatment of diabetes

Recent research following a finding from earlier this year that antimalarial drug artemether could aid treatment of type 1 diabetes has resulted in disappointment, Mark Huising, PhD, and colleagues reported in a study published this month in Cell Metabolism.

Survey exposes perception gaps between patients, providers for managing obesity

A recent survey revealed that only half of obese people view themselves as obese, while 28 percent of health care providers (HCPs) don’t believe it is their job to contribute to patients’ weight-loss efforts.

Despite government efforts, LDL cholesterol remains uncontrolled among uninsured Americans

Despite increased healthcare outreach, an uptick in publicly and privately insured Americans and an effort to clear socioeconomic hurdles, U.S. rates of uncontrolled low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) aren’t improving in uninsured populations, according to recent research published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

CVD could be a result of bacterial—not dietary—fats

The longstanding belief that heart disease is caused by lipids ingested through high-cholesterol, fatty foods is being challenged by research out of the University of Connecticut that’s suggesting bacterial fats, not dietary ones, are responsible for cardiovascular complications.

Bariatric surgery safe, effective in older patients

Bariatric surgery can be safely performed in patients 60 and older while producing similar results to those seen in younger adults, according to findings presented Nov. 2 at ObesityWeek 2017 in Washington, D.C.

Older women benefit from strength training, regardless of aerobic routine

Women in their 60s could see significant cardiac benefits from ditching their aerobic routine for strength training, according to new research.

Cholesterol levels continue encouraging trend in US; disparities remain among subgroups

Americans are holding steady with their cholesterol levels, continuing a trend of improvement observed over the last 17 years, according to data released Oct. 26 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Acculturation linked to more cardiovascular risk factors among Chinese immigrants

Chinese immigrants living in Australia show more cardiovascular risk factors the earlier they move and the longer they stay, according to a study in the European Journal of Preventative Cardiology.

Children at risk for type 1 diabetes could benefit from vitamin D

Children at an increased genetic risk for type 1 diabetes could benefit from higher vitamin D intake in their early developmental years, research published in Diabetes this month reports.

Intermittent fasting shows promise as therapy for diabetes, metabolic diseases

Intermittent fasting could not only lower body weight and convert unhealthy fats into energy-burning ones, it could also be preventative for patients struggling with diabetes or metabolic disorders, a new study published in Cell Research reports.

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