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Lipids & Metabolic


Black men and women who smoke more than one pack of cigarettes a day could be as much as 79 percent more likely to develop diabetes mellitus than those who have never smoked, according to a study published this month in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Exposure to a Western diet high in refined sugars, salt and saturated fat can have a permanent impact on the body’s immune system even if the diet is later changed, new research published in Cell suggests.

A generation of unfit Army recruits could be posing threats to not just their own health but the country’s national security, researchers reported in the Journal of Public Health Management and Practice this week.

Severely obese teens who underwent bariatric surgery saw vast improvements in cardiovascular risk factors in the latest installment of the Teen-LABS study, researchers reported this week in Pediatrics.

A developing anti-obesity drug out of the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston has been proven to shrink fat cells and reduce blood cholesterol levels without suppressing appetite, a study published in Biochemical Pharmacology reports.


Recent Headlines

Researchers debunk claim that obesity improves end-of-life survival for CVD patients

Cardiovascular disease’s “obesity paradox”—the idea that being dangerously overweight can improve end-of-life survival in heart patients—was recently debunked by a team of researchers in New York and Michigan, finding the claim to be untrue for those with incident heart disease.

Gastric bypass patients sustain long-term weight loss, comorbidity reduction

A majority of patients who undergo bariatric surgery for the first time maintain significant weight loss through seven years of follow-up, according to a study published Dec. 6 in JAMA Surgery.

Commonly prescribed painkillers raise risk of obesity, hypertension

Commonly prescribed analgesic drugs, including opiates and certain antidepressants, could be doing more harm than good, according to a study published in PLOS One this week. Not only can these addictive pain medications cause sedation, disordered breathing and accidental overdoses, but they reflect poorly on a patient’s cardiometabolic profile and increase risks of developing obesity and hypertension.

Hot flashes can increase a woman's risk of diabetes by 18%

Hot flashes—especially those accompanied by night sweats—could be not only a routine symptom of menopause but also a precursor to diabetes, according to a study published this week in Menopause, the journal of the North American Menopause Society (NAMS).

High BMI linked to dementia decades down the road

Higher body mass index (BMI) in middle age could be a warning sign of dementia decades down the road, scientists reported this week, but weight loss leading up to a formal diagnosis could mask symptoms and confound patients.

Based on current trends, 57% of US children will be obese at age 35

More than half of U.S. children will be obese at age 35, according to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

FDA approves evolocumab to prevent heart attack and stroke

The FDA has approved Amgen’s evolocumab (Repatha) for the prevention of strokes, heart attacks and coronary revascularizations—the first PCSK9 inhibitor to gain approval for such a broad number of indications.

5.6% of worldwide cancer cases attributable to high BMI, diabetes

Diabetes and high body mass index (BMI) caused 5.6 percent of new cancer cases worldwide in 2012, accounting for 792,600 total cases, according to a study published in The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology journal. Individually, high BMI—at least 25 kilograms per square meter—was responsible for twice as many new cancer cases as diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is as common in adults as in children, study finds

Type 1 diabetes is found in adults just as often as it’s found in children, researchers at the University of Exeter Medical School in the U.K. report, but it’s often initially misdiagnosed due to the historical stereotype that type 1 diabetes is a “disease of childhood.”

Abdominal obesity linked to greater all-cause mortality in HFpEF patients

Cardiac patients diagnosed with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) are significantly more prone to both cardiovascular and all-cause mortality if they also have abdominal obesity, according to research published this week in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.