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Heart Failure

 

The FDA has expanded its premarket approval for Impella heart pumps to include treatment for heart failure associated with cardiomyopathy leading to cardiogenic shock, device manufacturer Abiomed announced Feb. 13.

Exposure to noise pollution has been shown to negatively impact cardiovascular health. But researchers have only recently begun to explore exactly how noise can harm health. A study published online Feb. 6 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology explored the connection between noise and arterial hypertension, myocardial infarction, heart failure and stroke.

Aspirin is ineffective in preventing heart attack, stroke and death in heart failure patients without atrial fibrillation (AFib), according to a nationwide study in Denmark. In fact, patients on aspirin may be more likely to have myocardial infarction (MI) or be rehospitalized for heart failure, Christian Madelaire, MD, and colleagues reported in JACC: Heart Failure.

Certain breast cancer therapies, including popular HER-2 targeted treatments, could be harmful to the heart in patients already at an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD), the American Heart Association reported this week in a new scientific statement.

Only 30 percent of Medicare patients who received ventricular assist devices (VADs) in 2014 attended cardiac rehabilitation, but those patients enjoyed significant decreases in hospitalizations and mortality over the following year, according to a study in JACC: Heart Failure.

 

Recent Headlines

Black heart failure patients hospitalized twice as often as whites

Though the rate of heart failure hospitalizations has decreased over the last few years in the U.S., black Americans are still admitted at a higher rate than other ethnic and racial groups, according to a new study from the University of California, Los Angeles.

Breastfeeding could reduce chance of heart disease, stroke in women

Breastfeeding has long been considered a healthy choice for both mothers and their babies, but new research published this week shows that it could also reduce a woman’s risk of having a heart attack or stroke later in life.

Transportation noise could contribute to cardiovascular disease

Noise from aircrafts, rail and road traffic could be negatively impacting the cardiovascular health of people regularly exposed to it, according to researchers in Switzerland.

Eating healthy fats, not saturated fats, could lower cardiovascular risks

Eating healthier fats, like avocados and nuts, instead of saturated fats commonly found in many meats, could lower cardiovascular disease risk as much as cholesterol-lowering statin drugs, according to the American Heart Association (AHA).

Arthritis drug shows promise in combatting protein that causes aortic valve stenosis

Development of a drug to help those suffering from rheumatoid arthritis may prove to be quite a happy accident for aging individuals with hardening heart valves. Researchers from Vanderbilt University announced promising results in examining a monoclonal antibody’s ability to combat aortic valve stenosis.

Do mortality rates differ according to baseline heart rates for those taking beta-blockers?

It’s known beta-blockers reduce morbidity and mortality in those with heart failure with reduce left ventricular ejection fraction (HFrEF) in sinus rhythm. But questions remain about the roles baseline and achieved heart rates play in patients on beta-blockers and those with concomitant atrial fibrillation (AFib).

Machine learning mines EHRs to predict heart failure

The widespread implementation of electronic health records (EHRs) has proved to be a bumpy ride for many. But the sheer amount of data available in digital form carries with it plenty of potential. Recent work by scientists from IBM and Sutter Health developed artificial intelligence that can uncover pre-diagnostic heart failure through EHRs.

Methamphetamine abusers regain heart function after quitting

Methamphetamine abuse significantly increases one’s morbidity leading to complications such as arrhythmias, hypertension and methamphetamine-associated cardiomyopathy (MACM).

New paper strip test can detect heart failure

Scientists from China have developed a new paper strip test that could allow heart failure patients to monitor their condition at home.

Weight-loss surgery shown to cut heart failure risk in half

In a new study led by researchers at Geisinger Obesity Institute in Danville, Pennsylvania, investigators were surprised when they saw overwhelming evidence that weight-loss surgery decreased long-term risks of heart failure by more than half in obese patients.

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