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Acute Coronary Syndrome

 

Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) provide additional benefit to antiplatelet therapy following acute coronary syndrome (ACS)—but only for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)—according to a meta-analysis in JAMA Cardiology.

A plasma test to determine the maximum density of a blood clot and how long it takes to break down could help identify heart attack patients at increased risk for cardiovascular death or another myocardial infarction (MI), according to a study published Jan. 29 in the European Heart Journal.

Routine medical tests could be missing as many as two-thirds of heart attack diagnoses, researchers reported at CMR 2018, an annual conference dedicated to cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in Barcelona, Spain.

Omega-3 supplements may not protect a patient from heart disease or vascular events, according to a meta-analysis published in JAMA Cardiology.

The benefits of vitamin D aren’t limited to improving bone health and fighting disease—the “sunshine vitamin” has now been shown to help restore damage to heart patients’ cardiovascular systems, according to research published in the International Journal of Nanomedicine this week.

 

Recent Headlines

Rebound hyperthermia dangerous for the neurological health of comatose heart patients

Postcardiac arrest patients who experience rebound hyperthermia (RH) after targeted temperature management (TTM) therapy could be at a greater risk for developing neurological disabilities, a study published in Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management states.

Non-MI patients with elevated cardiac troponin remain at increased risk

Any detectable level of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) measured in an emergency department (ED) was associated with worse long-term survival—even when not accompanied by acute conditions known to impact troponin levels—according to a Swedish study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Half of smokers continue the habit after a cardiovascular event

Half of habitual smokers who experience myocardial infarction (MI), stroke or other adverse cardiovascular events continue to smoke cigarettes after hospitalization, a study from South Korea has found.

Diabetes may affect heart attack symptoms, delay diagnosis

Diabetics may feel less pain during a heart attack than other people, leading to inaccurate self-diagnoses and delays in seeking treatment, according to a small qualitative study published online in BMJ Open.

Young, white men who exercise excessively face risk for subclinical atherosclerosis

Young, white men could be at risk for plaque buildup and future subclinical atherosclerosis if they’re extremely active, a new study published in Mayo Clinic Proceedings reports.

Sexual assault, natural disasters and other trauma linked to increased CVD risk in menopausal women

Traumatic experiences like sexual assault, car accidents and living through a natural disaster could increase risk of heart disease for menopausal women, according to research presented at this week’s North American Menopause Society (NAMS) Annual Meeting in Philadelphia.

Researchers quantify STEMI patients’ bleeding, ischemic risks over time

ST-segment elevation MI (STEMI) patients are at their greatest risk for ischemic and bleeding events shortly after PCI, with both risks dropping significantly over time. However, ischemic events are more common between 30 days and one year, supporting the extended use of intensified antiplatelet therapy, according to a new study in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Public education of CPR, defibrillation improves survival rates for out-of-hospital cardiac arrests

Increasing educational public health initiatives across 16 North Carolina counties resulted in improved response to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and better rates of survival, a study published in JAMA Cardiology reports.

1 in 4 heart attack sufferers leave work within a year

According to a Danish study, 24 percent of people who return to work after a heart attack leave their job within a year.

Cardiologists, moms agree: Breakfast the most important meal of the day

When compared to people who consumed more than 20 percent of their daily energy at breakfast, habitual breakfast skippers were at a 1.55-fold increased risk of noncoronary atherosclerosis and a 2.57-fold increased risk of generalized atherosclerosis, independent of traditional and dietary cardiovascular risk factors.

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