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Acute Coronary Syndrome

 

The incidence of young athletes experiencing sudden cardiac arrest during competitive sporting events is slim—just 0.76 cases in 100,000 athlete-years—but it does happen, according to one team of Canadian researchers who analyzed dozens of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests in an effort to dissect the underlying causes of these tragedies.

A tool designed to predict the risk of MI and cardiac arrest (MICA) after noncardiac surgery in older patients works significantly better than two widely used models that aren’t age-specific, according to a study published Nov. 16 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Owning a dog could be linked to a decreased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in single-person households and lower all-cause mortality in the general population, a 12-year study of Swedish canine owners suggests.

Elderly people with higher levels of the protein CXCL5 in their blood tend to have clearer arteries, researchers reported in the American Journal of Pathology.

Only 1 in 8 people who suffer a heart attack at age 50 or younger are on preventative statin therapy prior to their event, a new study reported. And what is even more concerning, according to researchers, is most of the untreated individuals weren’t eligible for statins based on guidelines.

 

Recent Headlines

CVD, CKD should be assessed together in HIV-positive patients

HIV-positive patients at predicted risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are at an even greater risk for CVD and CKD events, according to new research published in PLOS Medicine.

Financial stress a risk factor for heart attacks

People under significant financial stress are 13 times more likely to have a heart attack than those with no or minimal financial stress, according to research presented Nov. 9 at the Annual Congress of the South African Heart Association.

Air pollution as great a risk as hypertension, obesity, diabetes for CVD

Ingestion of fine particulate matter in polluted air raises the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality just as much as, if not more than, common risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia and obesity, according to a large-scale study of 136,094 Seoul, Korea, residents.

TCT 2017: 6-month DAPT regimen non-inferior to recommended 12 months in STEMI patients

Six months of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) was found to be non-inferior in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients to the internationally recommended 12-month regimen in a pioneering trial presented at the 29th annual Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) conference in Denver.

TCT 2017: ‘Landmark study’ could change practice for acute MI coupled with cardiogenic shock

DENVER — Patients with acute MI complicated by cardiogenic shock demonstrated significantly higher 30-day survival rates with culprit lesion PCI versus multivessel PCI, according to a new study that challenges current guidelines.

Women more likely to die within a year of heart attack than men

New research published in PLOS One this October reports not only do more women statistically die of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) than men, but they see dramatically increased mortality in the first year after their heart attack.

Lipoprotein(a) not linked to increased CVD risk in ACS patients after all

Although the atherogenic lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] has been associated with incident cardiovascular disease, its concentration doesn’t predict the risk of ischemic cardiovascular events following acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in patients receiving other therapies, a study published in JAMA Cardiology reports.

Rebound hyperthermia dangerous for the neurological health of comatose heart patients

Postcardiac arrest patients who experience rebound hyperthermia (RH) after targeted temperature management (TTM) therapy could be at a greater risk for developing neurological disabilities, a study published in Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management states.

Non-MI patients with elevated cardiac troponin remain at increased risk

Any detectable level of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) measured in an emergency department (ED) was associated with worse long-term survival—even when not accompanied by acute conditions known to impact troponin levels—according to a Swedish study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Half of smokers continue the habit after a cardiovascular event

Half of habitual smokers who experience myocardial infarction (MI), stroke or other adverse cardiovascular events continue to smoke cigarettes after hospitalization, a study from South Korea has found.

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