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Milly Dawson

A small study showed that the Parachute device increased the synchronicity of contraction, with observed leftward shifts of the pressure-volume (PV) loop and end-systolic pressure volume relationship (ESPVR), when used in a group of patients with aneurismal apices secondary to myocardial infarction.

 - Aortic valve calcium on heart CT

Computed tomography (CT)-derived measures of annulus area can be used to flag cases of heightened risk for poor hemodynamics after valve-in-valve (VIV) procedures, according to recently published research.

Open repair of chronic thoracic and thoracoabdominal aortic dissection using hypothermia offers many advantages in suitable patients with this complex pathology and continues to represent the gold standard, according to new research. 

 - Infant

Infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) born post-term and with the most body weight have the best chance of surviving for five years, while lighter, preterm babies have poorer chances, according to new research.

When it comes to choosing whether to initiate statin treatment, similar clinical and economic consequences result if clinicians follow current guidelines or use coronary artery calcium (CAC) testing to guide that decision, according to new research.

For the first time, researchers have employed local gene therapy to boost myocardial blood flow in areas that have impaired perfusion reserves. They have also determined that elevated plasma Lp(a) can serve as a biomarker to identify those individuals with refractory angina (RA) who can benefit from the experimental therapy, gene transfer of VEGF-DΔNΔC.

 - PCI

Although safety-net hospitals (SNHs) provide care for greater proportions of uninsured patients, in-hospital mortality rates related to percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) are only slightly higher than at other hospitals.

Complex fractionated atrial electrograms (CFAE) ablations and continuous electrical activity (CEA) ablations have been proposed or the treatment of persistent atrial fibrillation (AFib). But a new study suggests targeting bipolar electrograms with less fractionation. According to the researchers, these may be better targets because they are more likely to be focal electrical sources.

Atrial fibrillation (AFib) heightens stroke risk—but new research shows that this is true only in people with certain aortic shapes. Those with aortic arches that are less curved are more prone to stroke, according to a study published online Aug. 1 in Nature.

 - United_States_Map

In the U.S., the state where a person is born has long lasting consequences for his or her risk of dementia in later life, according to a new study—the first to examine the connection between birthplace and dementia risk during old age, according to its authors.