An analysis of two databases found that measuring frailty could help predict mortality and functional status at six months or later after older adults undergo cardiac surgery.

Children between 2 and 18 years old should consume 25 grams or less of added sugars per day, while children younger than 2 years old should avoid added sugars, according to an American Heart Association (AHA) scientific statement. The AHA, which published the statement online in Circulation on Aug. 22, noted that 25 grams was equivalent to six teaspoons, or approximately 100 calories.

A systematic review found a lack of direct evidence for assessing the benefits and harms of screening for treatment of dyslipidemia in younger adults.

Two years after an MI, only 43 percent of patients were fully adherent to their guideline-indicated treatment regimens, according to a claims database analysis. The researchers also found that only 34 percent of patients with atherosclerosis were fully adherent following two years.

A recent retrospective, population-based cohort study in Canada showed that proximity to an AED might not always lead to using the device. More than 20 percent of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests occurred near a public AED that was inaccessible at the time of the arrest.