Healthy adults who have high levels of calcium intake are not at an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis.

A recent analysis of that study suggests that intensive blood pressure management may be cost-effective for adults who are at least 50 years old, have hypertension but do not have diabetes and are at high risk for cardiovascular disease.

A study presented today at the Canadian Cardiovascular Congress shows that low physical fitness—up to 20 percent below the average for healthy people—is sufficient to produce a preventative effect on most of the risk factors that affect people with cardiovascular disease. 

A recent retrospective cohort study confirmed the significant survival benefit of cardiac rehabilitation during the year following an acute MI, although other health status outcomes were similar among patients who did and did not participate in the programs.

A whole-grain diet may be beneficial in controlling hypertension and improving heart disease risk, according to a small, randomized study.